Tren Andino
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HAMBATO
THE TOWN

(11 October 1759)

Escudo del Cantón Ambato

AMBATO.- 1º 15' W. Long 0º 6' (M.V.1858 New York 1855)

1743... It is estimated that, around 1743 (1*), when Hambateños who were ‘loyal vassals’ of their Royal Majesties the King and Queen of Spain petitioned (Through the Royal Audience of Quito, to the Viceroy in Sta. Fe de Bogota), referring to the royal regulations of the times, they appealed for the SETTLEMENT of HAMBATO to obtain ‘the Royal Grace from Your Majesties’ to be raised to the status of a ‘TOWN’....
So, effective 25 October 1756, the Viceroy’s approval was granted from Santa FE de BOGOTA... Saá

(1*) 1736/1744 The R.A of Quito was presided over by Joseph Araujo y Rio.-
1745/1753 The R.A of Quito was presided over by Fernando Félix Sánchez de Orellana
(...who seems to have been a Clergy / “Prelate”)

Her Majesty the QUEEN of Spain TOTALLY REPEALED THIS, declaring it null and void, and issued a new one (2*), raising its status in a ‘regular’ and final manner so the Settlement of Hambato acquired OFFICIALLY THE RANK OF TOWN on 11 OCTOBER 1759...!. (3*)

(2* ) More exactly, on 17 October, when the Royal Edict was registered in Madrid. Saá
( 3*) 1753/1761 The R.A of Quito was presided over by Juan Pío Montúfar y Fraso, Marquis of Selva Alegre.

... In practice, Hambato had obtained the title of Town long before, in 1756, because Sta. Fe de Bogota, at the request of the Royal Audience of Quito and with the acquiescence of Riobamba (Corregimiento), although not with full authority, still acted as if they were the authorities up to 1755, and established even a de facto ‘Cabildo’ (....of course...!!!! )
.... Very possibly a Royal Edict had been issued before, in the 16 months prior to this petition, but apparently this ROYAL EDICT ‘disappeared’ or they ‘made it disappear' in order to not challenge the decision of HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN, who had not been consulted, and could not be offended or challenged, ever. Saá (4* I. Toro R.)

...On 9 March 1747, His Majesty the KING authorized the Jesuits to found a School in Hambato...A.N. Edicts Bulletin # 25.
... Origin and driver – I would say unconscious - of ideological-conceptual mixing, in both directions: Quechua-Spanish / Spanish-Quechua (2*),... remaining to this day, and which, perfectly blended in, is part and parcel of our particular present-day idiosyncrasy... (See Ref. "Mixing the Languages”) Saá

*1 Peoples, communities, nations...
* 2 (...However, not just the diverse, different ‘native’ languages of the region..., it is multi-ethnic, which has now become a complex ‘Ecuadorian identity’ that is not very well empowered, identified with or committed to in dealings between the country at large and its upper classes...) Box #10. Edict #48.p.250.
...Between 1750 and 1780, the period of transition between the SETTLEMENT period for
Hambato to its status as a TOWN, we have eight rural parishes *..., we remain the headquarters of the Corregimiento Lieutenant’s Office.
Juan de Velasco 1789..."History of..."
From 1779 to 1780, the jurisdiction had 43,372 inhabitants, with an urban population of about 4000.
Rosemary D.F.Bromley, 1979. “The Functions and development of..."
*In 1759, the eight rural parishes still had the status of “ANNEXES” under the Royal Edict founding the Town.

 

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