Tren Andino
Tours Tren Ecuador



3* ANDES, RANGE; during the first years of the Conquest – colonization, the Andes were called the ROYAL RANGE. I suspect that the native peoples of this region were not necessarily aware or able to verbalize the concept of a CHAIN of mountains: a range.

But they did speak of MOUNTAINS, when referring to several MOUNTAINS, hills or considerable natural elevations, as opposed to the altiplano ('flat ground'); whereas they spoke about (A*) mountains, referring to the vegetation on this or that other mountain.

So, it is quite possible and probable that translators and interpreters, conquerors and/or colonizers, in their letters and discussions, mainly those in the church sector (more educated than most, among an unlettered mass), would refer to andar /andas/anden/andes (meaning walking and/or being transported on) because they walked around the hills. Initially, horses were extremely expensive (B*), because they were so scarce, and the "colonists" / soldier explorers had the few available horses.

ETYMOLOGY. They called it by this name because it was a NAN (FOOT patch) as the natives called it; in phonetics, diction and easy for Spanish and natives to remember, because 'chaquiñanes' were for walkers (caminantes (...who walk (andan,'...An-dantes', by foot), and THAT IS WHY THEY CALLED IT BY THIS NAME: THE “ANDES” WHERE PEOPLE “ANDAN”. Saá
(“This mountain, which they call the Andes" C. de L., 1552, Chronicles of Peru ).

A* To this day, this is the most usual, Sep. 01 07.

B*,... during the first 30-40 years of the Conquest, a horse could cost as much as 40,000 Maravedíes (equivalent at the time to NINE HUNDRED PESOS OF GOOD GOLD...P.900.oo)
In 1533/34, Bel’ Alcázar, paid Alvarado 900 Pesos of gold for each horse Alvarado left him. One peso of gold was equivalent to four “strong” pesos …
"In 1578... The King orders that:"...One carat of gold = 24 and three quarters Maravedí and one gold peso is 556 Maravedíes..." A.N. Decree. Bulletin. #25. Decree. 171; page.238 July.8 1578.
(One Ducado = 375 Maravedíes. One Real / One Escudo = 350 Maravedíes) In 1500-1550. Later 1Real=34 Maravedíes or 0.25 cents of a Peseta
..Pesos “of good gold” also circulated (starting1608), and "ensayados“ Pesos: 1peso =13.5 Reales; and common Pesos worth 8 Reales. (From 1557 to 1881, when we adopted the DECIMAL system, and created the currency unit we used to call the SUCRE.) ( 60...!! years after having – according to many historians’ judgment – achieved 'emancipation...’!




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