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I am afraid that Mr. ANTONIO CLAVIJO, IS NOT the person who founded the settlement of HAMBATO, as affirmed (I think mistakenly) by a few historians and many copiers, repeaters and perhaps even the odd plagiarist…

...Antonio Clavijo did found San Bartolomé de los naturales.....!!, and Santiago de Píllaro..., San Cristobal de Patate, San Pedro de Pelileo..., etc. ...among other doctrinary ones; since this was his commission, duty and orders from the Crown... (from 1570 to 1575.. ); Saá

...Since the confusion among a number of historians and of course several chroniclers in this regard is caused by the fact that quite surely some Hambateños, among those who came from Mocha ("... under his authority, they come and settle ..." ), remained at this place later (between 1570 and 1575 ) that had been christened as San Bartolomé los naturales...!, which is founded by A. Clavijo..., with DOCTRINARY status, and NOT as a PARISH, which would have been more appropriate as a SETTLEMENT), would therefore be an ANNEX (J) of the – although ‘arbitrary’ – settlement of Hambato, as was normal at the time... Saá.

*(Present-day P.F.Cevallos V. Park;...then, perhaps on August 24th, its day of festivities...?)

BOL # 25 EDICTS. THE KING reminds the President of the Royal Audience of the prohibition for Indians to live in the towns: only Spaniards, mixed-blood non-Indians, blacks or mulattoes. A.N. EDICT #106 P. 265. March 4, 1666 Review: A.N. Edicts: Box # 5. Vol. #1. #3. 25 August 1681 Bulletin #25”.... for Spaniards, mulattoes and mixed-blood non-Indians who live among the Indians to leave those towns and live in the places they belong to...''

Therefore, we must assume that not all the 'rebel' settled in the area of the valley of the Hambatus ( j..,o... ? ), which they re-christened: San Juan** de ...???!!!!, so it WAS ...!! SAN JUAN... DE LOS HAMBATOS...Saá

The contiguous site, very close to the one subsequently 'christened' as San Bartolomé...!!: In DOCTRINARY terms, and NOT as a PARISH, as would have been the entitlement of a SETTLEMENT...) (1*) Saá

*...It is also quite possible that they built the first very little" church in this sector... EXCLUSIVELY BY ... AND FOR INDIANS...! ). This is proven because, when in 1698 the settlement ‘moved’, they 'fixed up’ a small place (a few mats) provisionally to keep the Sacred images and other objects of Church Worship for “Spaniards” (‘whites’) destroyed by the earthquake - flood (2*) Saá.

**(...The Baptist, the Apostle forerunner of Jesus Christ...)
(1*)... On February 19, 1842, San Bartolomé de los Naturales was officially moved to its current geographical site, called PINLLO.(Pinllu.-…' E PEPLUS '...?)
(2*)…”1698;” Indians from Hambato – distribution of lands…”. Pages 1/5

... Isaías Toro Ruiz says that in 1573 (Sept. 16), and due to an auction (… for the rights to use and utilize...) the TAMBO (A*-1*);"... AROUND WHICH HOUSES WERE CROPPING UP...". "This ceremony was attended by Rodrigo Pérez, Baltazár de Navas, Francisco Cid, Hernando de Paredes, Hernándo de Zuríta, Gonzalo Flores and Franciscan priests Jerónimo de Villegas (1*) and García Jiménez (2*) … And, of course, Francisco de Santa Cruz, bidder,...who, in 1563, (six (6) years before A. Clavijo had appeared around these places), had already been indicated a place across from HAMBATO to set up a mill..., bid in the public auction. These, then, were some of the first Hambateños... For about six years, Antonio Clavijo also lived there...Saá.

...Part of this confusion was also due to the later (1698) transfer to the higher areas ("the move"), of the descendants of those who were initially settled "under his authority", in the hills of the large river next to the valley there...

...Many houses were quite scattered in the countryside at that time ("Travelers and Chroniclers")… We must also keep in mind that most of the Encomenderos (feudal lords) had their homes in their respective Encomiendas, and lived there regularly..., and not in a Settlement, Town, etc. until much later when land granted by His Majesty the Kind became part of their property, as privately owned land (feudal estates). This land became part of their own hacienda for the encomenderos, and was referred to as a hacienda as well. Then, gradually, most of them moved to the cities of the time... Saá

(A*) This was not the Tambillo on the Río Grande river...Saá.

(*1) TAMBO: At this time, this Tambo was a simple platform alongside the footpath ("Royal Road"), at the site of the first tiánguez, i.e., a plaza for marketing ‘goods from the Earth’ and others (... largely by bartering...! ). It is important to point out that this was not the Tambillo on the right banks of the Río Grande river (… Currently the Ambato River...) Saá.





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