Tren Andino
Tours Tren Ecuador


TAMBOS...The chroniclers who traveled this way early on, and kept records of their travels, included Cieza de León, (1547) who mentioned the ‘Small Tambo of HAMBATO” (currently 'TAMBILLO'); small compared to the very large, numerous and luxurious facilities of ‘MOCHA'; he also highlighted the importance of its big “pucará", a true fortress virtually un-stormable. (but only their remains, because General Rumiñahui had them burned as he retreated!). Saá.

...There are also many remains in the area, with unburied skeletons – they must have belonged to RUMINAHUI’s warriors, who were not buried... Saá


Note 1 "... In 1534, Bel'Alcázar returned to Riobamba (Liribamba / Puruha) and was surprised (1*) to find Diego de Almagro (Note 4), one of Pizarro’s companions (The Marquis), who (apparently Author’s Note) came to join in resisting against Pedro de Alvarado who had landed in Portoviejo, and was crossing the mountains to take over the Kingdom of Quito. In fact, Alvarado left for Riobamba, and while the three captains, got ready to do battle, Dr. Caldera got them to accept a settlement (2*), Alvarado abandoned his plans, and received a sizable bounty as compensation. *M. Villavicencio. Geography of the Republic of Ecuador New York. 1858. pp. 6-7

(1*) Chronicler’s note: I greatly doubt such "surprise", since surely both Bel’ Alcázar, and Almagro MUST HAVE KNOWN beforehand of the preparations and intentions of Pedro de Alvarado in Guatemala...!!

(2*) Signed on 15 August 1534. (Almagro LEGALLY founded SANTIAGO de Quito, in the Settlement of Liribamba , and immediately the Seat of Mucha, in the canyon of the Hambatus and as St. John of...!!!??

Note 2 ...We must mention that Pedro de Alvarado and his adventurers sailed from the Port called "Possession” in Guatemala , on 23 January 1534, landing in the bay they called de Caráquez* (caracas/carankes..?) (present-day Caráquez actual), on 28 March, around Liribamba (currently Riobamba) about May / June, possibly where he ran into Almagro and Bel'Alcázar, negotiating with them, under 'non-bellis' terms. This substantially increased Bel'Alcázar’s military resources, and lightened his saddlebags, and he resumed his march / ride along the "chaski-nan" roadway northward, heading for the lands of the "KITO'' (/KITU)...? (now Quito); whereas Pedro de Alvarado, with a happy heart and full saddlebags, went down the DEPARTURE ROUTE of Mucha ,descended to the Coast and returned to Guatemala. Saá
*”…Puerto Viejo...”, according to J. de Velasco p. 295 ( *)

Note 3...We must assume that FORWARD-THINKING BEL’ALCÁZAR himself must have, to ensure the founding, left fellow adventurers SETTLED, FOUNDING the SETTLEMENT in the place they called 'the Mocha '(u), and alongside the Chasqui-nan route, a roadway that he had long been familiar with, a strategic place for his rear-guard, ideal for his interests (1*), in the event of a forces, unexpected retreat... Saá

...This founding seems to have happened (speculating) in the course of August 1534. During that year, the volcano currently known as Mt. Cotopaxi remained active (2*) so Sebastián – in addition to great confrontations / battles against the native people, and overcoming enormous difficulties – started with a landslide of ashes and burning volcanic tuff from Mt. Cotopaxi, in mid-eruption, and finally got to the regions of 'Quitu' and its main “reduction” (3*), the basic residence of the main chieftain or supreme (chief) warrior... Saá

1* His interests: the possibility of choosing, if necessary, a quick retreat by going down the road from the "Departure" `toward the Coast..., possibly to defend against a counter-attack by the Inca peoples of the South, in an attempt to prevent the lands of Kitu from falling....!

2* Activity – a visible-'tangible' eruption evident to the community.

3* Reduction – a considerable number of persons gathered, with their homes grouped together in a single fixed / stable site…




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