Tren Andino
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HAMBATO

TRAVELERS, CHRONICLERS, DOCUMENTS...

Colonial House

1606. "...The Settlement of Hambato, where Spaniards have had their homes for a long time, is in the hills alongside the river that passes alongside to the east, with 25 houses where Spaniards live, most made of stone and some of mud-brick, with some old roofs thatched with straw in the middle. Above the river, there is a church that is still being built, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, and this construction is quite luxurious because it is with lime mortar, from the factory recently opened by a Dominican friar, Rafael Tamariz..., in this Church, three clergymen, two for the benefit of the two doctrine areas that are populated, some ten blocks uphill from this settlement... This settlement needs royal tambos, which is where travelers stop to eat or for lodging, which is why they are traveling on a royal road. The lieutenant is in charge, appointed by the Corregidor of the Town of Villar Don Pardo (1*), which is responsible for this entire district Hambato. There are four food shops selling staples, which the Corregidor makes sure will be sufficient. There are also supplies that the natives provide for the Coyotambo plains (2*) with food and firewood, which is paid for according to this official list, to pay the natives; y many farms in this settlement on the riverside, there are many species of fruits from Spain, such as quince, apple, pear, apricot, peach, chumbera fig (3*), oranges, limes, grapefruit, prickly pear, pitahayas, Spanish and local strawberries, plenty of alfalfa fields, and ...

... The climate is hot and dry, because all the rest of the year is summer, with very good water and sky, and very healthful, so many people from cities and towns come to recover their health.... and this settlement also has purging herbs, cardosanto (Mexican prickly poppy) which cures a range of different ailments and they use other herbs to heal the people who take them.... At the top there are TWO MILLS driven by the river, where the Spaniards who live in this settlement grind their grains as well as those coming from surrounding farms. They raise a black fish they call catfish (bagre) below this settlement, some six blocks from the royal road, which comes from the cities and towns of Piru to the cities of Quitu where the Royal Audience is, and a bridge made of wood over this river, to get to the other royal road. In all these regions the Spaniards have their farms, most of them in a valley called Camaria (4*) where they plant wheat, corn, barley, potatoes...". (Fragment taken from the Palgrphc. transcription of the Notary Decree, “Report requested by Juan Piñan del Castillo, Corregidor and Chief Justice....etc., etc.") on 14 February 1606. Saá

(1*) Current city of Riobamba
(2*) Coyotambo...?
(3*) Native figs
(4*) Camaria...?

1631 , 8 March, Madrid, ROYAL EDICT. "...To the President and Officials of the Audience of San Francisco de Quito , ordering them to reduce the Indians and their families, since after coming to the settlement of Hambato to service as shepherds and ruffians, they stay in those places, and a shortage of mita workers is produced in the corregimiento of Chimbo...".- Bulletin #25/A.N. Box #2 Vol.#1.33. p.:77.-Saá
1748. "It is founded, on a broad plain, which is at the bottom of a valley; on the North, there is a MIGHTY RIVER, WHICH RUNS OVER THE BRIDGE BECAUSE IT HAS TO MUCH RUSHING WATER, AND CAN NEVER WE WADED. (RÍO GRANDE...!?). Its houses are made of mud-brick, attractive and well-made, although all are low, which is a necessary precaution because of the earth tremors ". (A. Ulloa, mission of the 'Condamine' ).

*(The scientist-botanist of Ambato origin, Misael Acosta-Solís, says the same and ... asks us to "get out of the hole"...!) Saá

 

 

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